- Eye injuries can occur in many settings, including at home, at work or when playing sports.
Common types of eye injury include:
- blows to the eye – such as being hit by a fist, elbow or ball
- scratches and abrasions – such as from fingernails or tree branches
- foreign bodies – such as small pieces of grit, wood or metal getting in the eye
- penetrating or cutting injuries – such as cuts from glass or projectiles flung from tools, especially when hammering or using power tools
- chemical burns – such as exposure to household cleaning products
- radiation exposure – such as exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun or sun lamps
- Wearing contact lenses incorrectly can also injure your eyes, particularly if they’re dirty, don’t fit properly or have been worn for too long.
Symptoms of eye trauma may include:
- Bruising (black eyes)
- Cuts to the eyelid.
- Eye redness.
- Bleeding between the cornea and iris, known as hyphema.
- Retinal detachment.
- Blurred or cloudy vision.
- Double vision.