Advances in the science of healthcare through the application of advanced technology have improved patient convenience and comfort over the last 20 year. Significant developments in eye-care in the areas of micro-incision surgery and foldable intraocular lenses have made cataract surgery on outpatient procedure. The procedure is relatively safe and recovery of vision takes only 2-3 days
Despite cataract awareness being very low, an estimated 40 lakh cataract operations are performed each year in India. In this page we endeavor to provide you with invaluable information with regard to cataract, lens implants and the benefits of modern day cataract surgery. It is our intention to reassure patients that your vision need not diminish as time moves on. And that the quality of your life will be enhanced through enhanced quality of vision.
What is Cataract?
A Cataract is clouding of the eye’s natural lens, which in turn causes deterioration of vision.
It is a natural process of aging. Every person gets it, sooner or later.
The Natural lens in the eye is made of water and protein. As the lens ages, the protein that is made of degenerates and become cloudy. This blocks some light from reaching the retina and interfaces with one’s vision.
Cataract is not a disease
That certain homeopathic , ayurvedic or allopathic medicine cannot prevent or cure cataract.There is a popular perception that once your vision gets impaired due to cataract , it cannot be restored.
Types of Cataract
There are three primary types of age-related cataracts: nuclear sclerotic, cortical, and posterior subcapsular. As a person ages, any one type, or a combination of any of these three types, can develop over time.
1. Nuclear Sclerotic Cataracts
This is the most common type of age-related cataract, caused primarily by the hardening and yellowing of the lens over time. “Nuclear” refers to the gradual clouding of the central portion of the lens, called the nucleus; “sclerotic” refers to the hardening, or sclerosis, of the lens nucleus.
2. Cortical Cataracts
“Cortical” refers to white opacities, or cloudy areas, that develop in the lens cortex, which is the peripheral (outside) edge of the lens. Changes in the water content of the lens fibers create clefts, or fissures, that look like the spokes of a wheel pointing from the outside edge of the lens in toward the center.
3. Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts
This type of cataract begins as a small opaque or cloudy area on the “posterior,” or back surface of the lens. It is called “subcapsular” because it forms beneath the lens capsule, which is a small “sac,” or membrane, that encloses the lens and holds it in place.
Symptoms of Cataract
Cataract makes once simple tasks difficult or impossible to perform ,on account of
- Cloudy or Blurry Vision
- Changes the way the colors are seen
- Sensitivity to bright light or sun
- Poor night vision
- Frequent changes in your eye glasses
Who are prone to Cataract
Most adults over the age of 55 are prone to cataract. Cataracts are hereditary and can also be the result of medication or injury.
Treatment for Cataract
There is no other treatment for cataract except surgery.
How Safe is it?
Cataract surgery is mostly successful and more than 98% of the patients are able to regain good vision
What are the options?
Surgery is the only course of treatment, there are two treatment options available for cataract :
- Extracapsular Cataract Extraction.
- (ECCE) or Conventional method
- Micro incision Cataract Surgery or Modern Method
Extra-capsular Cataract Extraction (ECCE) or Conventional method
- It requires an incision of 10-12mm
- The Surgeon removes the clouded lens in one place
- A hard , plastic lens is implanted
- Multiple stitches are required
- Increased risk of postoperative distorted vision astigmation
Micro incision Cataract Surgery or Modern Method
- Stitch less,bloodless,painless
- Least chances of infection
- Minimum post -op precautions
- Quicker healing and recovery
Phacoemulsification is a surgical procedure by which clouded lens is extracted by fragmenting it into tiny pieces with ultrasound energy and aspirating out with a suction device
When should you undergo surgery
The Sooner the better.As one gets older, other medical complications could arise that might hamper surgery. More over with the best treatment available today, you can enhance your vision immediately[/column_1]
Best Cataract Surgery in Bangalore
Cataracts are one of the most common vision impediments, mostly in elderly people. A cataract develops when the lens of the eye becomes hard and cloudy. Cataracts can blur or dull vision, make the eye extremely sensitive to light or glare and may even cause the patient to see ghost images. If the cataract interferes with daily living, it needs to be removed with surgery. If the cataract is not removed, the lens may continue to grow cloudier, causing your vision to worsen over time.